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Wednesday, July 29, 2020 | History

3 edition of Cosmic rays of superhigh energies found in the catalog.

Cosmic rays of superhigh energies

GeorgiД­ Borisovich Kristiansen

Cosmic rays of superhigh energies

by GeorgiД­ Borisovich Kristiansen

  • 113 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published by K. Thiemig in München .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Cosmic rays

  • Edition Notes

    StatementGeorgij B. Khristiansen, G. Kulikov, J. Fomin.
    SeriesThiemig-Taschenbücher -- Bd. 88
    ContributionsFomin, I︠U︡riĭ Anatolʹevich,, Kulikov, German Viktorovich,
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQC485.9A8 K473
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxi, 246 p. :
    Number of Pages246
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22354946M
    ISBN 103521061264

      2. Brief description of results at energies of PeV Investigation of multiparticle production in cosmic rays using the emulsion chamber technique started at the end of the '60s (1). An attractive feature of such a technique is that it enables experimentalists to observe almost visually the spread of particles produced in strong interactions. cosmic rays of superhigh energies E >3eV observed on the Earth, coming outside, from other galaxies, and compare them with the properties of Galactic cosmic rays. 2. Energy distribution of extragalactic particles observed in the Galaxy The solution of the kinetic equation, describing the cosmic rays propagation in an intergalactic space.

    Basic lines of investigating cosmic ray particles with energies of – eV by direct methods are formulated. A particular variant of a universal instrument with spherically symmetric characteristics is considered. This instrument is capable of giving experimental solutions to basic problems intimately related to the main problem: the problem of the origin of cosmic rays.   Study of primary cosmic rays at superhigh energies on the lunar surface and circumlunar orbit 1h0' Mathematical model of experimental conditions on research for primary cosmic radiation (PCR) on the lunar surface and circumlunar orbit is considered.

    The range of energies encompassed by cosmic rays is truly enormous, starting at about 10 7 eV and reaching 10 20 eV for the most energetic cosmic ray ever detected. By plotting this range of energies against the number of cosmic rays detected at each energy we generate a cosmic ray spectrum which clearly shows that the number of cosmic rays drop off dramatically as we go to higher energies.   Abstract: We consider the modification of extragalactic cosmic ray spectrum caused by cosmic ray interactions with infrared background photons which are present in the extragalactic space together with relic photons. It is assumed that cosmic ray spectrum at superhigh energies has extragalactic origin and is proton dominated.


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Cosmic rays of superhigh energies by GeorgiД­ Borisovich Kristiansen Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Khristiansen, Georgiĭ Borisovich. Cosmic rays of superhigh energies. München: Verlag Karl Thiemig, ©   The Cosmic Rays of Superhigh Energies Gurevich, L. E.; Rumyantsev, A. Abstract. The paper considers the generation mechanism of the relativistic particles of superhigh energies (≳10 18 eV) in a plasma where the supersonic turbulence and the hydrodynamic shock waves occur.

It is found that the conditions necessary for the formation of this Cited by: 3. Cosmic rays are high-energy protons and atomic nuclei which move through space at nearly the speed of originate from the sun, from outside of the solar system, and from distant galaxies.

They were discovered by Victor Hess in in balloon experiments. Direct measurement of cosmic rays, especially at lower energies, has become possible since the launch of the first satellites. One of the prime objectives of cosmic ray investigation is the precise measurements of primary cosmic ray (PCR) energy spectrum at energies above eV.

Of course,the problem of the black-bodycut-off is the most attractive puzzle and it is very essential to either validate or disprove the existence of cosmic rays with energies above eV. In this case cosmic rays of superhigh energies (10 23 eV) can be investigated.

Two projects of radio detectors of cosmic rays are discussed. The first one is associated with the decameter radiotelescope UTR-2, and the second one suggests the detection of signals reflected from the ionosphere. That signal is generated by the motion of a Cited by: 2.

Papers are presented on such topics as the spatial distribution and total number of muons with energies above 1 GeV in the composition of extensive air showers (EAS) with an energy between 10 to the 17th and 10 to the 19th eV; EAS spectra and the primary energy spectrum at energies above 10 to the 17th eV according to Iakutsk EAS data; electromagnetic cascade profiles and fluctuations of the.

Cosmic-ray coplanarity at superhigh energies “Forward-physics” coplanarity at superhigh energies. Coplanarity of most energetic subcores (E > 10 TeV) in central core of young air showers (s.

Computations are performed that are necessary for conducting a superhigh-energy experiment, using a dense material as the target. It is shown that at a height of 30 m above the X-ray emulsion chamber, the system will record the interaction of primary hadrons in the target. The optimum target thickness should not exceed roughly one third of the mean free path.

Present problems in microphysics, macrophysics, and astrophysics are reviewed. Some of the topics discussed include: controlled thermonuclear fusion, high-temperature superconductivity, new substances, metallic exciton liquid in semiconductors, second-order phase transitions, matter in ultrahigh magnetic fields, and superheavy elements.

Also addressed are: quarks and gluons, fundamental length. The book summarizes the results of solar cosmic ray (SCR) investigations since The present monograph, unlike the reviews published earlier, treats the problem in self-contained form, in all its Solar Cosmic Rays at High Energies.

Leonty Miroshnichenko. Pages   This option allows users to search by Publication, Volume and Page Selecting this option will search the current publication in context.

Selecting this option will search all publications across the Scitation platform Selecting this option will search all publications for the Publisher/Society in context. The ability to manipulate cosmic energy. Sub-power of Cosmic Manipulation.

Variation of Cosmic Element Manipulation. User can create, shape and manipulate cosmic energy that's drawn from stars, planets, galaxies, etc. Abstract: A new phenomenological model FANSY is designed, which makes it possible to simulate hadron interactions via traditional QGSM-type particle generation as well as coplanar generation of most energetic particles, observed in cosmic ray experiments.

FANSY reproduces a lot of LHC (ALICE, ATLAS, CMS, TOTEM, LHCf) data. Results of model simulations are compared with. Coverage is expanded to include new content on high energy physics, the propagation of protons and nuclei in cosmic background radiation, neutrino astronomy, high-energy and ultra-high-energy cosmic rays, sources and acceleration mechanisms, and atmospheric muons and neutrinos.

Feasibility is shown for a method of detecting superhigh-energy (> eV) cosmic rays on the surface of Antarctica with an event rate acceptable for observation purposes. Cosmic rays fly from deep space all the time, and ANITA can detect them and measure their energies.

But on this occasion, the cosmic ray didn't come from above, it came from below. This high-energy particle had emerged from the ice and traveled upward through the atmosphere. That's not something that cosmic rays are supposed to do. The measured spectrum of cosmic rays ranges from 1 GeV to ∼ 10 11 GeV.

The highest-energy event observed has the energy of 3 × 10 11 GeV ∼ 50 J. Over this enormous range of energies the slope is nearly constant and equals roughly −3. Thus, for each decade up in energy the integral flux drops by 2 orders of magnitude.

The clusters (doublets) in ultrahigh energy cosmic rays are considered based on Yakutsk and AGASA extensive air shower array data. It is discussed a problem of origin clusters. It is found that arrival directions of the clusters can point to a cosmic rays anisotropy.

In astroparticle physics, an ultra-high-energy cosmic ray (UHECR) is a cosmic ray with an energy greater than 1 EeV (10 18 electronvolts, approximately joules), far beyond both the rest mass and energies typical of other cosmic ray particles.

An extreme-energy cosmic ray (EECR) is an UHECR with energy exceeding 5 × 10 19 eV (about 8 joule), the so-called Greisen–Zatsepin–Kuzmin. It is found that at E(0) >= 5*10^15eV the mean mass composition of primary cosmic rays begins to vary as indicated by a rise of with increasing energy. The maximum value of is observed at E(0.

--The New Super Heavy Hadrons and the Primary Cosmic-Ray Spectra Break / S. B. Shaulov --Study on Cosmic-Ray Interactions in the Energy Region [actual symbol not reproducible] TeV / N.

Amato et al. --Cosmic Rays of Superhigh Energies / G. B. Khristiansen, N. N. Kalmykov and G. V. Kulikov --Analysis of the Hadronic Energy Spectrum in High-Energy.the major portion of the collection is made up of articles presenting the results of experiments made aboard the proton 1, 2, 3 scientific space stations (measurements of hydrogen and carbon effective interaction sections, energy spectrum of primary cosmic ray particles of high and superhigh energies, study of the chemical composition of cosmic.The Prospects of Direct Investigations of Cosmic Rays of Very High and Superhigh Energies Article in Cosmic Research 40(2) March DOI: /A